Study Shows Link Between Air Pollution Linked To Type 2 Diabetes Risk


Study shows link between air pollution linked to type 2 diabetes risk. A new study has found that there could be an association between air pollution and an increased risk for dangerous health issues such as heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

The research now appears in the Journal of Public Health.

Hypertension and metabolic syndrome are key causes of cardiovascular diseases which are a leading cause of death in many countries. Many studies have shown a link between metabolic syndrome and obesity, elevated blood pressure, as well as higher blood glucose levels. The factors associated with these health problems include diet, lifestyle, environmental factors such as traffic noise, residential housing, including traffic air pollution, and neighborhood quality.

The researchers looked at whether long-term exposure to air pollution and the residential distance to green spaces is associated with the development of hypertension and some components of metabolic syndrome. The team focused on components including reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, obesity, higher blood glucose, and a high triglyceride level.

They found a strong link between high levels of air pollution and a higher risk of reduced high-density lipoprotein. In addition, they discovered that traffic-related exposure was linked with higher triglyceride level, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hypertension.

“Our research results enable us to say that we should regulate as much as possible the living space for one person in multifamily houses, improve the noise insulation of apartments, and promote the development of green spaces in multifamily houses,” said Agn Brazien, the study’s lead author.

A Cup of Coffee Can Help Tackle Obesity And Diabetes


A cup of coffee can help tackle obesity and diabetes. Researchers from the University of Nottingham have found that a cup of coffee can trigger ‘brown fat’, which could be key to fighting obesity.

This is the first study in humans that looked at components which could affect ‘brown fat’ functions, a special type of body fat which help maintain your body temperature in cold conditions. The researchers have published their research findings in the journal Scientific Reports.

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is found in almost all humans and mammals. BAT burns calories to generate body heat. People with a lower body mass index (BMI) have higher levels of brown fat. The investigators explain that increasing activity of brown fat improves blood sugar control as well as blood lipid levels, helping with weight loss.

In the latest study, the researchers looked at whether caffeine would stimulate brown fat. They started with a series of stem cell studies and then moved on to humans for the findings. Their study found that a cup of coffee can affect our brown fat functions, helping to tackle obesity and diabetes.

“The results were positive and we now need to ascertain that caffeine as one of the ingredients in the coffee is acting as the stimulus or if there’s another component helping with the activation of brown fat. We are currently looking at caffeine supplements to test whether the effect is similar,” said study co-director, Professor Michael Symonds, from the School of Medicine at the University of Nottingham.



Poor Oral Health Could Increase Liver Cancer Risk By 75 Percent


Poor oral health could increase liver cancer risk by 75 percent. A new large study has linked unhealthy gums to the risk of developing liver cancer.

Previous studies have already shown that poor oral health, such as sore or bleeding gums or loose teeth, is a risk factor for various health conditions including diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and some cancers.

The findings of this study, led by Haydée W. T. Jordão, from the Centre of Public Health at Queen’s University Belfast in the U.K., now appears in United European Gastroenterology Journal paper.

Jordão says, “There is inconsistent evidence on the association between poor oral health and specific types of gastrointestinal cancers, which is what our research aimed to examine.”

A global study estimates show that in 2018, gastrointestinal cancer accounted for nearly 28% of new cases of cancer and 37% of deaths to cancer.

For the findings, the researchers analyzed data of more than 490,000 adults, ages between 40 and 69 years of age, from England, Scotland, and Wales. The investigators excluded people with insufficient oral health’s detail or those with a history of cancer.

The results found that over an average follow-up of 6 years, out of 469,628 people 4,069 developed gastrointestinal cancer. The team notes that 13 percent of people who developed digestive cancer, had reported having unhealthy gums at the beginning of the study. The researchers concluded tied poor oral health to a 75% higher risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma.

“Further studies investigating the microbiome and liver cancer are therefore warranted,” said Haydée W. T. Jordão.





Even Young Overweight Children Can Develop High Blood Pressure


Even young overweight children can develop high blood pressure. A new study has found that higher body weight is associated with the risk of high blood pressure in four-year-olds.

The researchers have published the study findings in the journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC): European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

The World Health Organization states that childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health issues. The global prevalence of this condition has increased at an alarming rate.

In the latest study, the researchers looked at the 1,796 four-year-olds as they wanted to analyze the link between excess weight and high blood pressure. They examined their body mass index BMI and waist circumference, and blood pressure.

The team found that children with a new or persistent excess weight between ages four and six had 2.49 and 2.54 higher risks of high blood pressure than those with a healthy weight. In addition, the risks for high blood pressure were 2.81 and 3.42 greater in children with new or persistent abdominal obesity.

Dr. Iñaki Galán, of Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain suggests that eating a healthy diet is the best option to maintain a healthy weight and lose extra calories.

“Some paediatricians think the harms of overweight and obesity begin in adolescence but our study shows they are mistaken,” he said. “We need to detect excess weight as soon as possible so the damaging impact on blood pressure can be reversed.”

Quantum Leap Comprehending How Human Eye Process 3D Motion


Quantum leap comprehending how human eye process. Scientists at the University of York have disclosed that there are two distinct courses for witnessing 3D motion in the human brain which permits people to carry out broad-ranging tasks like catching a ball or circumventing moving objects.

The contemporary perception could assist additionally in comprehending how to assuage the impacts of lazy eye malady and how the industry could advance superior 3D visual displays and virtual reality systems.

Majority of what Scientists comprehend about 3D motion emanates from juxtaposing the stereoscopic signals engendered by a person’s eyes but the precise way the brain summons these signals requires to be totally comprehended in the past.

Scientists at the University of York, St. Andrews and Bradford have portrayed that there are two courses the brain can determine 3D signals, not just one as formerly thought. They discovered that 3D motion signals segregate into two pathways in the brain at a premature stage of the image transference between the eyes and the brain.

Dr. Alex Wade from the University of York’s Department of Psychology said that they are aware of two signals from their visual systems that assist the brain to determine 3D motion, one is a fast and other being a slow signal.

This assists them in various ways with the hand-eye communion for example that they do not stumble cruising around objects. What was unknown that the brain did with these signals to permit to comprehend what is occurring in front of the eyes and behave accordingly.